Action Video Games May Improve Reading Skills For Those With DyslexiaFiled inside: Editorial
Action video games may improve reading skills for those with dyslexia, a recent study suggests. The research, conducted by Vanessa Harrar and colleagues at the University of Oxford, explored multisensory responses in patients with the developmental reading disorder and concluded that video games may help.
For the study, participants were asked to push a button as soon as they heard a sound, saw a dim flash, or experienced both stimuli together. Researchers then recorded the speed of their reactions and compared data between participants diagnosed with dyslexia and those without the disorder. While all speeds were comparable when the same type of stimuli was repeated, the data showed that dyslexic participants specifically lagged behind while responding to a visual cue followed by a sound cue.
“We found that shifting attention from visual to auditory stimuli is particularly difficult for people who have dyslexia compared to good readers,” Harrar told Current Biology. The data suggests that programs aiming to develop dyslexic reading skills may need to shift their methods, as traditionally, letters are first seen and then heard. The researchers hypothesize that people with dyslexia might learn associations between letters and their sounds faster if they hear the sound and then see the corresponding letter or word.
Harrar and colleagues also suggested that video games might assist people with dyslexia in developing reading and writing skills. “We propose that training people with dyslexia to shift attention quickly from visual to auditory stimuli and back – such as with a video game, where attention is constantly shifting focus – might also improve literacy,” Harrar said. “Action video games… might be beneficial in improving the speed with which people with dyslexia shift attention from one task, or sense, to another.” The study is yet another example of how gaming greatly affects players.